SOLD - A Charles II Antique English Silver-Gilt Porringer & Stand

SOLD - A Charles II Antique English Silver-Gilt Porringer & Stand

London, 1679 by Isaac Dighton

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Description

All engraved with the initials JDM in mirror cypher below a ducal coronet for James, Duke of Monmouth (1649-1685), first and favorite son of Charles II.


Though the knave came somewhat saucily into the world, James Scott was the eldest and favored son of King Charles II. In 1662 he married the wealthy Scottish heiress Anna (Anne) Scott, Countess of Buccleuch (1651-1732), was created 1st Duke of Monmouth, and was nominated a knight of the Garter. The marriage, which took place on 20 April 1663, was the event of the season, taking place in the King’s Chamber at Whitehall; that same day James was created Duke of Buccleuch, Earl of Dalkeith and Lord Scott of Whitchester and Eskdale. Monmouth served in the Second Anglo-Dutch War and commanded troops in both the Third Anglo-Dutch War and the Franco-Dutch War.


When Charles II died in 1688 he could not be succeeded by any of his children, for all twelve were illegitimate.  He was succeeded instead by his brother James II. James was a Catholic and extremely unpopular, so Monmouth, a flamboyant favorite, the dead King's eldest son, and a good Protestant, led the unsuccessful Monmouth Rebellion in an effort to depose him. Monmouth gained support in the West Country but was defeated at the Battle of Sedgemoor.  He was taken to London, imprisoned in the Tower, and beheaded on the 15th of July.  The Tower fact sheet grimly notes that it took five blows of the axe to sever his head.

Provenance:

James, Duke of Monmouth (1649-1685)
General John Ramsay (1768-1845), sold at Christie & Manson, London, 19 June 1855
purchased by Sir William Stirling-Maxwell, 9th Baronet of Keir (1818-1878)
Brigadier General Archibald Stirling, of Kier (1867-1931)
William Joseph Stirling (1911-1983)
Archibald Hugh Sterling, of Keir (b. 1941)

General John Ramsay was the only son of the celebrated Scottish painter, Allan Ramsay, and was an important collector of pictures, antiquities, coins and historical memorabilia. When he died The London Morning Post lamented the fact that his collection was not going to the nation as originally planned.

Sir William was an important collector of books, paintings, engravings, silver and ceramics, and author of several scholarly works including Annals of the artists of Spain (1848). His collection included works by artists such as Goya and El Greco, and served as a Trustee of both the British Museum and the National Gallery.

Exhibitions:

Exhibition of British Art, Royal Academy, London, January 1934, no. 1375, p. 457, lent by Mr William Joseph Stirling

Porringers with scrolls on the cover were only made for a brief period in the 1670s and are exceptionally rare. We have records of only six; they date from 1672 to 1679.

Dimensions

Size 4 7/8''(H)
Weight 43 oz. 10 dwt.
Stock No V8606

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